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阀门形势之新标准与新工艺的探索之路

2019-05-28  来自: 泰科菲阀门有限公司 浏览次数:98

1、推动新技术、新工艺的发展

加强标准与科研、特别是重大科技项目研究的联系,引导科研和技术先进的骨干企业,将自主创新的成果转化为标准,推动新技术、新工艺的发展。

全国阀门标委会现正在制定标准《阀门智能化电动装置》。阀门智能化电动装置,是国外本世纪初发展起来的的新型产品,我国通过引进和研发,已掌握了该技术,并且发展非常快。扬州电力修造、天津二通、温州罗托克、常州电站辅机等都能够生产,产品质量也相当好。制定高技术含量的《阀门智能化电动装置》标准,对促进产业的发展,堵住或减少进口产品有很大的作用。

将一批新产品、新技术转化为标准,降低了成本,提高了效益,优化了产品功能,并使新产品和新技术迅速得到市场的认可,促进了产业的进步。

2、发展节能降耗、新型材料等方面的标准,促进产业结构调整

我国自然资源有限,因此制定节电、节水、节材方面的标准是阀门标准的发展方向之一。加快淘汰效率低、能耗大的产品,调整产业结构,促进新技术、新产品的开发和应用。

阀门在节材方面,是研究新型材料,用新型材料代替金属材料,达到节约钢材和贵重金属的目的。

新型陶瓷阀门采用新型陶瓷材料制作阀门的密封部件和易损部件,提高了阀门产品的耐磨性、防腐性及密封性,大大延长了阀门的使用寿命。

制造陶瓷的原料,成本低廉,用铝、碳、硅等普通元素就能制造出性能优越的陶瓷材料,可以节约大量金属材料和稀有的矿产资源。陶瓷阀门应用于电力、石油、化工、冶金、采矿、污水处理等工业领域里,其耐磨损,密封性好,能大限度地减少泄漏,对环境保护将起到积极的推进作用。紧跟技术的发展,阀门标委会组织制定了《陶瓷密封阀门》JB/T10925-2005标准,加快陶瓷密封技术,促进陶瓷密封材料的发展。

在降低能耗方面,大力发展流阻小、损耗小的阀门产品。在节电方面,是阀门的电动装置,通过选用低能耗低噪声的电机,以及对电动装置结构的改进,控制电动装置的能耗。

3、积极参与国内外标准活动,加快阀门国内外标准的转化

世界已进入了经济全球化的发展时期,经济全球化的必然趋势是标准。通过对ISO标准与我国阀门标准的关联度的研究,对我国阀门标准采标情况有个总体了解,确定采用方向,加大采标力度。同时,争取实质性参与国内外标准化的工作,将我国标准融入国内外标准中,争取国内外标准的话语权和主导权。由于历史原因和区域原因,目前ISO/TC153’阀门’已形成已欧美为主体的格局。因此,全国阀门标委会一方面积极主动地参加并主国内外标准会议;另一方面,积极派出我国的专家加入到国内外组织的标准委员会’TC’、分委会’SC’和标准工作组’WC’,认真对待国内外标准草案的投票,并将对我国有利的条款提供给ISO/TC153秘书处,使国内外标准中能体现我们的合理要求。

4、提高阀门产品的安全性,保障设备和人员的安全

许多阀门都是用在压力管道上,至关重要。质量监督检验检疫总局颁布了《特种设备安全技术规范》,阀门作为压力管道元件的一种,也包括在特种设备内。阀门产品引起的事故,主要有两方面的原因,一是产品没有达到标准的要求,如壳体的壁厚要求,焊接连接处的探伤检验要求、材料要求等,另一原因是安装、使用不当。全国阀门标委会一直重视产品标准中的要求,这些要求在《特种设备安全技术规范》被引用,成为强制性的要求,从而大限度地保障设备和人员的安全。阀门标委会在近年先后申请制定了《阀门壳体小壁厚尺寸要求规范》、《工业阀门安装使用维护一般要求》等标准。阀门产品标准中的要求和阀门标准的制修订将是今后工作的一个。

1. Promote the development of new technologies and processes

We will strengthen links between standards and scientific research, especially research on major national science and technology projects, guide key enterprises that are advanced in science and technology, turn achievements in independent innovation into standards, and promote the development of new technologies and processes.

National valve standards committee is currently working on the national standard "valve intelligent electric device". Valve intelligent electric device is a new product developed at the beginning of this century abroad. Through introduction and research and development in China, the technology has been mastered and developed very quickly. Yangzhou electric power repair, tianjin ertong, wenzhou rotok, changzhou power station auxiliary machinery production, product quality is also quite good. The development of high - tech valve intelligent electric device standard has a great effect on promoting the development of industry, blocking or reducing the import products.

The transformation of a batch of new products and new technologies into standards has reduced costs, improved benefits, optimized product functions, and enabled new products and new technologies to be rapidly recognized by the market and promoted the progress of the industry.

2. Develop standards for energy conservation, consumption reduction and new materials, and promote industrial restructuring

China's natural resources are limited, so setting standards for electricity, water and materials saving is one of the development directions of valve standards. We will speed up the elimination of inefficient and energy-intensive products, adjust the industrial structure, and promote the development and application of new technologies and products.

In terms of material saving, valve focuses on the research of new materials, which can replace metal materials to save steel and precious metals.

The new ceramic valve adopts the new ceramic material to make the sealing parts and vulnerable parts of the valve, which improves the wear resistance, corrosion resistance and sealing of the valve products and greatly extends the service life of the valve.

Ceramics can be made from a wide range of raw materials with low cost. Common elements such as aluminum, carbon and silicon can be used to produce ceramic materials with superior performance, which can save a lot of metal materials and rare mineral resources. Ceramic valves are used in power, petroleum, chemical, metallurgy, mining, sewage treatment and other industrial fields. They have good abrasion resistance and sealing ability, and can reduce leakage to the maximum extent. They will play a positive role in promoting environmental protection. Following the development of technology, valve standards committee has formulated the JB/ t10925-2005 standard of ceramic sealing valve, which speeds up the ceramic sealing technology and promotes the development of ceramic sealing materials.

In reducing energy consumption, vigorously develop small flow resistance, low loss of valve products. In terms of power saving, the emphasis is on the electric device of valve, which controls the energy consumption of electric device by selecting the motor with low energy consumption and low noise, as well as improving the structure of electric device.

3. Actively participate in international standard activities to speed up the conversion of valve

The world has entered the development period of economic globalization. The inevitable trend of economic globalization is standard internationalization. Through the study of the correlation between the ISO standard and the Chinese valve standard, the author has a general understanding of the situation of China's valve standard procurement standard, determined the application direction, and increased the strength of procurement standard. At the same time, we should strive for substantive participation in international standardization, integrate Chinese standards into international standards, and strive for the right of discourse and dominance of international standards. Due to historical reasons and regional reasons, the ISO/TC153 'valve' has formed the main pattern in Europe and America. Therefore, on the one hand, the national valve standards committee actively participated in and hosted the international standards conference; On the other hand, China actively sends its experts to join the international organization's standards committee 'TC', sub-committee 'SC' and standard working group 'WC', takes seriously the vote of the draft international standards, and provides favorable terms for China to the ISO/TC153 secretariat, so that international standards can reflect our reasonable requirements.

4. Improve the safety of valve products and ensure the safety of equipment and personnel

Many valves are used in pressure piping and safety is critical. The general administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine has promulgated the safety technical specifications for special equipment. As a kind of pressure pipeline element, valve is also included in special equipment. Safety accidents caused by valve products are mainly caused by two reasons. One is that the product fails to meet the requirements of standards, such as the requirements of shell wall thickness, inspection and inspection requirements of welding joints, materials, etc., and the other is improper installation and use. The national valve standards committee has always attached great importance to the safety requirements in product standards, which have been cited in the special equipment safety technical specification as a mandatory requirement to maximize the safety of equipment and personnel. In recent years, the valve standards committee has applied to establish standards such as the specification of minimum wall thickness size of valve shell and general requirements for installation, use and maintenance of industrial valves. Safety requirements in valve product standards and the revision of valve safety standards will be a focus of future work.

关键词: 泰科菲阀门   阀门厂家   进口阀门   阀门  

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